Ethiopia set to negotiate as 9 million displaced, Tigray plunges into famine

Displaced Tigrayans queue to receive food donated by local residents at a reception center for the internally displaced in Mekele, in the Tigray region of northern Ethiopia May 9, 2021. Photo: AP - FILE

Ethiopia’s Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed said on Tuesday the Federal Government had formed a committee to negotiate with forces from the warring northern region of Tigray, in the first public confirmation of a key step towards peace negotations.

The nearly two-year conflict in Ethiopia, Africa’s second-most populous nation, has displaced more than 9 million people, plunged parts of Tigray into famine conditions and killed thousands of civilians.

“Regarding the peace … a committee has been established and it will study how we will conduct talks,” Abiy told parliament, the first time he has publicly referred to the body.

Reuters said the committee, headed by Deputy Prime Minister Demeke Mekonnen, has 10 to 15 days to hammer out details of negotiations.

Debretsion Gebremichael, chairman of the Tigray People’s Liberation Front (TPLF), said his group was prepared to participate in a “credible, impartial and principled” peace process and would send a delegation.

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The TPLF – a former rebel army turned political party – dominated national politics for nearly three decades until Abiy’s appointment in 2018 reduced their rule to Tigray.

“We are not prepared to make secret deals or bargain away our principles for material inducements,” Debretsion said in an open letter posted on Twitter.

The TPLF accused Abiy of wanting to centralise power at the expense of the regions, while he said they were seeking to regain national power.

Fighting erupted in Tigray in November 2020 and spilled over into the neighbouring regions of Afar and Amhara last year.

Troops from neighbouring Eritrea also entered the conflict in support of Abiy’s force. Eritrean and Ethiopian forces withdrew from most of Tigray in mid-2021 and the Abiy government declared a unilateral ceasefire in March.

Legislator Desalegn Chane said on Tuesday that negotiations should not exclude Amhara and Eritrean forces. Both fought on the side of the Ethiopian military, but faced mounting accusations of abuses, which they denied.

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Last month, regional state media reported 4,000 people had been arrested in Amhara – including a prominent general, militia members and journalists. Analysts said it appeared that the central government was trying to reassert its authority over some Amhara factions; the government said the arrests were related to “illegal activities” and possible killings.

The war between the national government forces and its allies and the Tigrayan forces has upset Abiy’s plans to modernise Ethiopia’s sclerotic state-run economy.